What is a Concussion?
A concussion is a traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move quickly back and forth. This fast movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging the brain cells. This short video explains concussions and how to treat them.
Recognizing a Concussion
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that parents may observe the following signs in their children that can indicate a concussion:
- Appears dazed or stunned.
- Forgets an instruction, is confused about an assignment or position, or is unsure of the game, score, or opponent.
- Moves clumsily.
- Answers questions slowly.
- Loses consciousness (even briefly).
- Shows mood, behavior, or personality changes.
- Can’t recall events prior to or after a hit or fall.
In addition, the CDC says that children and teens who have suffered a concussion may report the following symptoms:
- Headache or “pressure” in head.
- Nausea or vomiting.
- Balance problems or dizziness, or double or blurry vision.
- Bothered by light or noise.
- Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy, or groggy.
- Confusion, or concentration or memory problems.
- Just not “feeling right,” or “feeling down.”
If you suspect your child has suffered a concussion, take them to a doctor for evaluation. Note that a concussion can occur from any blow to the head, not just those from youth sports, so be aware of the possibility of a concussion occurring even on the playground or at home.
Resources on Concussions
The CDC has numerous resources on concussions for parents, including:
- A free app for Android and iPhone
- A Heads Up page with concussion information for parents, coaches, schools and more.
- The NFL has a page of resources for parents and coaches.
Photo © 2006 by Jamie Williams under Creative Commons license.