The 2017-18 Federal Public Policy Agenda Checklist of the National PTA calls for the reauthorization of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA), reducing the number of youth unnecessarily involved in the justice system. Reauthorization must include that the juvenile justice system:
- Incentivize family and community based alternatives to incarceration
- Eliminate certain exceptions to the Deinstitutionalization of Status Offenders core requirement
- Extend the Jail Removal and Sight and Sound Separation core requirements to all children under the age of 18 during all forms of detainment
- Require states to establish solutions to reduce racial and ethnic disparities
Item 11 of the Illinois PTA Legislation Platform addresses Juvenile Justice issues, calling for adequate programs on both state and local level for:
- The prevention of juvenile delinquency
- Services for early intervention for juvenile offenders
- Treatment and separation of dependent and delinquent children in institutions and in Juvenile Court, as well as original exclusive jurisdiction over children and youth under age 18 to be in the Juvenile Court
- Support of laws and regulations in our justice system that address the differing needs of youth as they continue to mature from age 18 to age 25
In addition to these items found in the platform, the Illinois PTA holds continuing positions on the support and supervision of youthful offenders in residential facilities; support for the federal Juvenile Delinquency and Prevention Act, including adequate appropriations to facilitate the Act; a strong Juvenile Court System in Illinois recognizing that youthful offenders should not be treated in the same manner as adult offenders; and a Juvenile Justice system that is focused on rehabilitation.
These positions highlight a number of legislative successes. Illinois has raised the age of majority from 17 to 18 for the juvenile justice system. Juvenile offenders are now separated from adults when incarcerated. Redeploy Illinois, a program supported by Illinois PTA, is successfully reducing the rate of recidivism of youth also reducing costs by avoiding incarceration. During the state budget crisis, Illinois PTA pointed out that closure of Redeploy Illinois programs in 23 counties meant that 275 youth served by the program at a cost of $1.6 million would need to be incarcerated at a cost of $30.5 million. Illinois PTA’s report on consideration of how to handle “emerging adults,” (19 to 25) differently has received attention across the United States.
Just this year, with Illinois PTA support, Illinois now requires:
- Restorative Justice training for all Dept. of Justice personnel (PA100-157)
- Expansion of the ability to expunge juvenile arrest records (PA100-285)
- Forbidding expulsion of children from pre-school programs (PA100-105)
- Forbidding of booking stations in schools (PA100-204)
For further explanation, please refer to the 2017 National PTA Federal Public Policy Agenda, the Illinois PTA Report on Young Adults Involved in the Justice System, Ten Years of Progress (2009), and the complete Illinois PTA Legislation Platform.